CBD VS THC: A comparison

CBD VS THC: Ein Vergleich
Bea Goldmann CBD specialist author

Bea Goldman

Specialist author with a master’s degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine


In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the topic of “CBD VS THC” in detail and explore the key differences and similarities between these two compounds from the cannabis plant. Our goal is to give you a deep understanding of these two connections and how they can impact health and well-being.

CBD VS THC: What are CBD and THC?

CBD - cannabidiol

Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a natural compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive properties and does not affect consciousness. It is derived from industrial strains of hemp and has received a lot of attention in recent years for its potential health benefits.

One of the most common uses of CBD is pain relief. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system in the body and may be helpful in relieving chronic pain and inflammation, including arthritis. Additionally, many people use CBD to manage anxiety and stress as it can exhibit calming and relaxing properties without affecting psychological abilities.

THC - Tetrahydrocannabinol

Tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC, is one of the main compounds found in the cannabis plant. It is known for its psychoactive properties and ability to produce intoxication or a "high" when consumed. THC works by binding to specific receptors in the brain and central nervous system, particularly the CB1 receptors. This interaction results in altered neural activity that triggers a variety of psychotropic effects, including euphoria, heightened sensory perception, and altered perception of time and space. Unlike CBD, THC is legally restricted or banned in many countries.

The differences between CBD and THC

Mode of action in the body

CBD and THC interact differently with the cannabinoid receptors in the human body. While THC binds primarily to CB1 receptors in the brain and central nervous system and triggers psychoactive effects, CBD has a low affinity for these receptors and only minimally affects them. Instead, CBD acts indirectly on CB1 and CB2 receptors by modulating the effects of other neurotransmitters.

Health Benefits of CBD

One of the outstanding properties of CBD is its ability to relieve pain. It can be helpful in treating chronic pain, inflammation, and conditions such as arthritis. This pain-relieving effect is due to CBD's interaction with the body's endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in pain regulation.

Additionally, CBD has been shown to be effective in managing anxiety and stress. Many people are looking for natural alternatives to manage anxiety, and CBD can have a calming and relaxing effect without affecting consciousness.

Health Benefits of THC

Although THC has psychoactive effects, it also offers some health benefits. It can help with pain relief, nausea and vomiting in cancer patients and in the treatment of glaucoma. However, THC consumption should be done responsibly due to its psychoactive nature.

Legal Aspects

THC is illegal in many countries due to its psychoactive properties. Possession, sale and use of THC-rich cannabis can result in criminal prosecution. Some countries and states have legalized the use of THC for medical purposes. Medical cannabis containing THC is prescribed in such areas to treat various health conditions, including pain relief and nausea.

Unlike THC, CBD is legal. It is obtained from the hemp plant and can therefore also contain THC, but never more than 0.3%. This low THC concentration makes it legal.


CBD (cannabidiol)

THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)

Chemical structure

Non-psychoactive, does not affect consciousness

Psychoactive, produces a "high"

Main use

Pain relief, stress management, anxiety management

Pain relief, nausea, glaucoma

Mode of action in the body

Interacts indirectly with CB1 and CB2 receptors

Binds to CB1 receptors in the brain and central nervous system

Legal situation

Legal, usually contains less than 0.3% THC

Illegal in many countries unless prescribed medically

Psychoactive effect

No psychoactive effects, does not affect consciousness

Psychoactive effect, alters consciousness

Medical applications

Pain relief, anxiety management, stress reduction, epilepsy

Pain relief, nausea, appetite stimulation, glaucoma

Side effects

Few to no known serious side effects

Possible side effects such as paranoia, memory problems

Dependency potential

no potential for dependency

A certain potential for addiction if consumed excessively



illegal unless prescribed medically

Cannabis, hemp and marijuana, what's the difference?

Cannabis is the scientific name for the entire genus of plants that includes hemp and marijuana. This versatile plant has been cultivated and used for different purposes for thousands of years.

Hemp is a special variety of the cannabis plant known for its low levels of THC, the psychoactive compound responsible for the "high." Hemp typically contains less than 0.3% THC and has no intoxicating effects. Instead, hemp is primarily grown for industrial applications. It serves as a raw material for fibers, textiles, paper, food, oils and much more. Due to its versatile uses and low THC content, hemp is legal in many countries and is used for various purposes.

Marijuana, also known as "weed", on the other hand, is a special variety of the cannabis plant that has a higher THC content and therefore has psychoactive effects. It is often consumed for recreational use to produce intoxicating states. Marijuana can also be used medicinally to treat symptoms such as pain, nausea, and sleep problems. The legal status of marijuana varies significantly from region to region. In some countries or states, recreational use of marijuana is legalized, while in others it remains illegal or is only accessible for medical purposes.


It is indeed fascinating how similar the chemical structure of CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are, even though they differ significantly in terms of their effects in the body. Both compounds are derived from the same plant, the cannabis plant, and they share many common chemical characteristics.

Research into CBD and THC is ongoing, and their therapeutic potential is becoming better understood. However, the use of products containing CBD and THC should always be done responsibly and in accordance with local laws.

Do you want to explore and purchase high-quality CBD products? Visit cbd-shinygram.de and discover our wide range of CBD products suitable for different needs.

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Bea Goldmann, M.sc.

Bea Goldmann, our experienced specialist author with a master's degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine. Bea is the heart of our content because she not only brings in-depth knowledge, but also a passion for holistic health solutions.

Thanks to Bea's deep understanding of the power of nature and the science behind CBD, we can offer you content that not only informs, but also inspires. With every article she writes for CBD Shinygram, you will not only get insights into the benefits and uses of CBD, but also practical tips on how you can integrate CBD into your everyday life.

Find out more about Bea Goldmann