Cannabis Strains: An Overview

Cannabis-Sorten: Eine Übersicht
Bea Goldmann CBD specialist author

Bea Goldman

Specialist author with a master’s degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine


Cannabis has received a lot of attention in recent years, especially regarding its different species and strains. We'll answer important questions about cannabis strains, including their CBD and THC levels, the differences between sativa, indica and ruderalis, well-known strains like OG Kush and White Widow, medical cannabis and much more.

The world of cannabis species

What are Cannabis Strains?

Cannabis is a diverse plant with different strains. The three main species are Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis.

Indica: Indica plants are known for their compact size, broad leaves, and relaxing, physical effects. They are often used to relieve sleep disorders, pain and muscle tension. Indica strains typically have higher levels of CBD compared to THC, meaning fewer psychoactive effects.

Sativa: Sativa plants are taller and slimmer with narrower leaves. They tend to have stimulating and mentally stimulating effects. Sativa strains are often used to improve creativity, energy, and mood. They typically have higher levels of THC compared to CBD, resulting in stronger psychoactive effects.

Ruderalis: Ruderalis plants are known for their small size, low psychoactive effects, and ability to flower independently of light cycles, making them interesting for certain breeding purposes, particularly for developing autoflowering strains. They are grown less frequently than sativa and indica strains because their small size and potency make them less popular.

CBD content in cannabis

The CBD content in cannabis refers to the proportion of cannabidiol, one of the main active ingredients in the cannabis plant. CBD is non-psychoactive and has a variety of potential health benefits including relief from pain, inflammation, anxiety and nausea. The CBD content in different cannabis strains can vary significantly, from very low to very high. Strains with high levels of CBD are often used for medicinal purposes, while those with low levels of CBD tend to have stronger psychoactive effects due to higher levels of THC. Choosing a strain with the right CBD content depends on individual health goals and preferences.

How many strains of cannabis are there?

There are literally thousands of different cannabis strains, and breeders around the world are constantly working to develop new variations. It is difficult to determine the exact number of varieties as it is constantly growing, but we can provide some insight into the diversity.

Basically, there are three main types of cannabis: sativa, indica and ruderalis. Each of these major species has numerous varieties and subspecies. Sativa strains primarily come from regions such as East Asia, India, Nepal, Tibet and Mexico. Indica strains are typically found in regions such as the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other areas. Ruderalis, on the other hand, grows in colder climates such as Russia and Eastern Europe.

The countless varieties of cannabis are the result of crossings and hybridizations in which breeders specifically improve characteristics such as aroma, taste, effects and yield. This has resulted in an impressive variety, allowing consumers to choose varieties based on their individual preferences. The cannabis community is continually developing and researching new strains. This constant innovation contributes to cannabis becoming more and more interesting and versatile as a plant and medicine. It remains exciting to see how this diversity will develop in the future and which new varieties will be discovered.

Well-known cannabis strains

variety main species Regions of origin CBD content THC content Characteristic features
OG Kush Hybrid (Sativa-Indica) USA (California) Low to medium High Relaxing, euphoric, earthy taste
White Widow Hybrid (Sativa-Indica) Netherlands Low to medium High Balanced, creative, resinous flowers
Amnesia Haze Sativa East Asia, India, Nepal, Tibet Low to medium High Stimulating, euphoric, citrusy taste
Northern Lights Indicas USA (West Coast) Low to medium High Relaxing, sleepy, sweet taste
Blue Dream Hybrid (Sativa-Indica) USA (California) Low to medium Medium to High Euphoric, creative, fruity taste
Sour Diesel Sativa USA (New York) Low to medium High Stimulating, earthy diesel taste
Girl Scout Cookies Hybrid (Sativa-Indica) USA (California) Low to medium High Relaxing, sweet taste with a hint of mint
Jack Herer Sativa Netherlands, USA Low to medium High Stimulating, creative, spicy taste
Purple Kush Indicas USA (California) Low to medium High Relaxing, earthy taste with berry notes
AK-47 Hybrid (Sativa-Indica) Netherlands Low to medium High Stimulating, fruity taste

Sativa, Indica or Hybrid?

Choosing between sativa, indica, or hybrid cannabis strains depends on the effects you want. Sativa strains tend to be stimulating and mentally stimulating, while indica strains are calming and relaxing. Hybrids combine characteristics of both species. Choose based on your personal preferences and intended effects: sativa for daytime activities, indica for evening relaxation, and hybrid if you're looking for a balanced effect.

Cannabis ruderalis

Cannabis Ruderalis is a lesser-known strain that still has interesting properties. Since it has a very mild effect, it is often used for crossing with other varieties to reduce their effect.

Medical Cannabis: An Alternative for Pain Relief and Symptom Control

Medical cannabis, also known as medical marijuana, has become increasingly important in recent years, particularly in the areas of pain management and symptom control for various medical conditions. The plant cannabis contains compounds called cannabinoids, two of the most commonly studied cannabinoids being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

THC is known for its psychoactive effects and may be helpful for some medical conditions such as chronic pain, nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, and loss of appetite in AIDS patients. On the other hand, CBD has no psychoactive effects and is often used to relieve inflammation, anxiety, and seizures.

In Germany, the use of medical cannabis is legal under certain conditions and requires a doctor's prescription. The use of medical cannabis should always be done under medical supervision as it should be tailored specifically to a patient's individual needs and medical history.

However, medical cannabis is not suitable for every patient and further research and clinical trials are still needed to further clarify its effectiveness and safety in various medical conditions.


Overall, cannabis offers a fascinating range of strains and options, allowing consumers to find the options that best suit them. It remains exciting to see how this industry develops and what influence it will have on the world of medicine and leisure activities.

We invite you to discover our range of first-class products. Each product has been carefully selected to offer a variety of strengths and options tailored to your personal needs. Immerse yourself in the world of CBD and experience its diverse benefits for yourself!

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Bea Goldmann,

Bea Goldmann, our experienced specialist author with a master's degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine. Bea is the heart of our content because she not only brings in-depth knowledge, but also a passion for holistic health solutions.

Thanks to Bea's deep understanding of the power of nature and the science behind CBD, we can offer you content that not only informs, but also inspires. With every article she writes for CBD Shinygram, you will not only get insights into the benefits and uses of CBD, but also practical tips on how you can integrate CBD into your everyday life.

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