Cannabis legalization in Germany: the law has been passed!

Cannabis-Legalisierung in Deutschland: das Gesetz ist beschlossen!
Bea Goldmann CBD specialist author

Bea Goldman

Specialist author with a master’s degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine


The discussion about the legalization of cannabis in Germany has a long and complex history. For years, supporters and opponents have engaged in an intensive dialogue about the potential advantages and disadvantages of this measure. On the one hand, there are the arguments for decriminalization , which aim, among other things, at protecting health , curbing the black market and responsible use of cannabis. On the other hand, critics warn about the possible risks of legalization, especially with regard to the protection of children and young people and public health .

Today's decision by the Bundestag to legalize cannabis under certain conditions therefore marks a historical turning point. It is the result of a long political struggle and extensive dialogue between various social groups, political parties and technical experts. The decision reflects a change in society's perception of cannabis and sets new standards for the handling of the substance in Germany.

Particularly noteworthy is the vote in the Bundestag , in which a clear majority voted for the law. This underlines the broad political support for a new approach to cannabis. With legalization, the federal government aims to create a controlled market that curbs illegal trade and offers consumers a safe source.

The significance of today's decision cannot be overstated. It not only signals a change in drug policy, but also an adaptation to changing social realities and a commitment to a pragmatic and health-oriented approach to cannabis.

The decision of the Bundestag

Today, after long debates and intensive public discussion, the Bundestag took a historic step: the legalization of cannabis for private use in Germany was decided. In a roll-call vote , 404 MPs voted in favor of the law , while 226 voted against and four abstained

This vote reflects not only broad political support for a new approach to cannabis, but also recognition of the need to curb the illegal market and improve consumer protection. The law, which has now been passed, allows adults to possess up to 50 grams of cannabis for personal consumption in private spaces and up to 25 grams in public spaces . You are also allowed to grow up to three cannabis plants yourself .

Support came primarily from the ranks of the governing parties, who emphasized the need to modernize drug policy. The dissenting voices, primarily from the ranks of the CDU/CSU and the AfD, reflect ongoing concerns about the impact of legalization on public health and safety. Despite the opposing votes and the emotional debates leading up to the vote, the majority of the Bundestag has clearly spoken out in favor of legalization, a step that many see as an overdue reform.

The decision is therefore a clear commitment to a pragmatic and health-oriented approach to cannabis and sets an example for a future-oriented drug policy in Germany.

Key elements of the cannabis law

The Cannabis Act passed by the Bundestag today sets new standards in Germany's drug policy and includes several key elements aimed at regulating consumption while improving health protection.

Possession limits

In the future, adults will be allowed to legally possess up to 50 grams of cannabis in private spaces and up to 25 grams in public spaces . This regulation is intended to enable adult users to purchase and consume cannabis legally, while at the same time creating a framework that limits abuse.

Home cultivation

The law allows you to grow up to three cannabis plants for personal use. This provision aims to provide citizens with a controlled opportunity to produce cannabis for their own use without having to rely on the black market.

Non-commercial growing associations

In addition to home cultivation, the law also allows the establishment of non-commercial cultivation associations that are allowed to grow cannabis for their members. These associations are limited to a maximum of 500 members , who must have their place of residence or habitual residence in Germany. Within these associations, cannabis may only be distributed to members on a limited basis, subject to strict membership and age requirements.

Protective measures for children and young people

A key concern of the law is the protection of children and young people. Cannabis may only be sold to adolescents between the ages of 18 and 21 in limited quantities (maximum 30 grams per month) with a THC content limit of ten percent . In addition , protection zones of 100 meters have been defined around cultivation associations as well as schools, children's and youth facilities, children's playgrounds and publicly accessible sports facilities in which the consumption of cannabis is prohibited. In addition, there is a general advertising and sponsorship ban for consumer cannabis and cultivation associations in order to protect young people in particular from advertising cannabis.

These provisions of the Cannabis Act reflect the desire to promote the responsible use of cannabis, combat the black market, and at the same time place the protection of young people at the forefront.

With the legalization of cannabis, the German federal government is pursuing a number of important goals that are aimed at both improving the public health system and curbing the black market. Expectations of the positive effects of this decision are diverse and affect various areas of society and the economy.

Goals of the federal government

  • Improving health protection: Regulating the cannabis market aims to create a safer environment for consumers. Products that can be purchased legally are subject to strict quality controls, which makes consumption safer by avoiding contamination or unclear THC levels.
  • Containment of the black market: A regulated market removes the basis for the black market. This not only leads to a decrease in criminal activity in this area, but also allows tax revenues to flow into public coffers instead of the black market.
  • Strengthening education and prevention: The new laws also involve strengthening educational work. The aim is to educate young people in particular about the risks of cannabis consumption and to support preventive measures.

Expected positive effects

  • Economic recovery: Cannabis legalization opens up new economic opportunities, from job creation in cultivation, processing and distribution to new business models around recreational and medical cannabis.
  • Increase in tax revenue: Taxing cannabis products can lead to a significant increase in tax revenue that can be used for public projects, education and health care.
  • Promoting scientific research: Legalization can also promote research into cannabis and its active ingredients. In the long term, this can lead to the development of new medical treatment methods.
  • Reducing the burden on the judiciary: Decriminalizing cannabis possession and consumption reduces the burden on the judiciary and police, freeing up resources to combat more serious crime.

The legalization of cannabis in Germany not only represents a change in drug policy, but also has the potential to have extensive positive effects on society and the economy. While the exact effects can only be assessed in the future, it is clear that the decision represents a significant step towards a more modern, health-oriented and economically sustainable policy.

Reactions and criticism

The legalization of cannabis in Germany has attracted a wide range of reactions, ranging from strong support to outright criticism.

Supporters of legalization argue that the reform is long overdue and brings many benefits, including improving health protection, curbing the black market, and creating new economic opportunities. They also emphasize the importance of education and prevention, which could be strengthened by legalization. Proponents see legalization as a progressive step that contributes to more rational and evidence-based drug policy.

Critics of the decision, however, warn of the potential risks and side effects that legalization could entail. Key concerns include fears of possible increased use among youth, the risk of trivializing cannabis use and concerns for public health and safety. Some critics argue that resources would be better invested in prevention and education programs rather than legalization.

Outlook and next steps

The final legislation addressed many of these concerns. The law includes specific protection measures for children and young people, including age restrictions, limits on THC levels and protective zones around schools and other facilities. Regulation and control of the market aims to undermine illegal trade and ensure the quality and safety of products. In addition, it is emphasized that legalization is accompanied by increased education and prevention measures to inform the population about the risks of cannabis use.

The different viewpoints on cannabis legalization reflect the complexity of the topic. While the reform is seen as an important step towards a more modern drug policy, the need to closely monitor the impact of legalization and adjust if necessary to ensure public health and safety remains.

After the historic decision to legalize cannabis in Germany, the complex phase of implementing the new law now begins. This phase includes the development of specific regulations and guidelines for the sale, cultivation and consumption of cannabis, as well as the establishment of control and monitoring systems to ensure compliance with the law.

Implementation phase

The government and the relevant authorities will work in the coming months to create the infrastructural and regulatory foundations for the legal cannabis market. This includes licensing growing associations, regulating sales in licensed stores, and setting standards for product quality and safety. Information and education programs must also be developed to educate the public about the responsible use of cannabis.

Planned evaluations

The law requires that its impact on society, health and crime be regularly evaluated to ensure that the intended objectives are achieved. These evaluations will provide important data that can serve as a basis for possible adjustments or further developments to the law.

Challenges and opportunities

Cannabis legalization brings both challenges and opportunities . Challenges include ensuring that the transition to the legal market is smooth and does not lead to an increase in abuse, particularly among youth. Combating the remaining black market will also be an ongoing task.

At the same time, legalization offers the opportunity to curb illegal trade and protect public health through controlled and safe products. It also opens up new economic perspectives , from the creation of jobs to new tax revenue that can be invested in prevention and education work.

The next few years will be crucial to assess the long-term effects of the legalization of cannabis in Germany. While implementing the law will undoubtedly pose challenges, it also offers the opportunity to positively shape a historic shift in drug policy.


With the passing of the law legalizing cannabis in Germany, the country is entering new territory. This decision marks a historic turning point that has the potential to permanently change the social and economic landscape. The regulations introduced reflect a balanced approach that prioritizes the protection of public health , particularly children and young people, while also recognizing the opportunities of a legalized and regulated cannabis economy.

The challenges that the implementation of the law brings with it should not be underestimated. However, the planned evaluations and the possibility of adapting the regulations offer the opportunity to react to undesirable developments. It is a courageous step that opens the door to a modern drug policy that focuses on education, prevention and control instead of prohibition and criminalization.

The positive expectations of legalization - from curbing the black market to increasing tax revenues to promoting scientific research - provide many incentives to chart this path carefully and responsibly. The legalization of cannabis in Germany is therefore more than just a law; It is a social mandate to take a new approach to dealing with cannabis that has the well-being of all citizens in mind.

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Bea Goldmann,

Bea Goldmann, our experienced specialist author with a master's degree in naturopathy and complementary medicine. Bea is the heart of our content because she not only brings in-depth knowledge, but also a passion for holistic health solutions.

Thanks to Bea's deep understanding of the power of nature and the science behind CBD, we can offer you content that not only informs, but also inspires. With every article she writes for CBD Shinygram, you will not only get insights into the benefits and uses of CBD, but also practical tips on how you can integrate CBD into your everyday life.

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